Copyright Library Reserve
The type of material made available in the Library Reserve Collection may include legally obtained copies (preferably owned by the Library or College) of copyrighted works, works in the Public domain, and the original works of an instructor.
Use of an entire work in Library Reserves is considered within fair use provisions of copyright law when:
- The use is clearly for educational purposes; and
- It is made available only to the enrolled students of a specific course by an instructor; and
- The content resides in the Collection for a period of time not to exceed one semester.
When copying content from a copyrighted work, "less is best.” The greater the amount copied, the less likely that fair use exemptions will apply. “Best practices” allow for the follow portions:
- Data sets: Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries.
- Graphics: A single cartoon, chart, diagram, drawing, graph or illustration..
- Photographs: No more than 15 photographs or 10% of a collection, whichever is less.
- Poetry: A single poem of not more than 250 words or an excerpt of not more than 250 words.
- Prose: Whichever of the following options represents the least amount of content:
- A single chapter.
- A single essay or story of no more than 2,500 words.
- An excerpt of no more than 2,500 words.
- 10% of a single work.
- A single article in a journal issue.
When the work being copied is owned or licensed for use by the College or Library, copying a greater amount may be allowed. The amount will be determined in consideration of the all four “fair use” factors, and how the copied material relates to a given educational goal.
NOTE: Copyrighted material, in whole or in part, may not be retained without permission of the copyright owner in the Library Reserve Collection over consecutive semesters for the same course.
NOTE: If the quantity of content to be copied exceeds recommended amounts, or if use of content may otherwise be out of compliance with fair use exemptions, permission of the copyright holder is required and may incur a fee Copying without permission of the copyright holder is an infringement if if the intent is:
- To create, replace or substitute for anthologies, compilations or collective works; or
- Substitute for the purchase of works in original formats.
For information about what material is protected by copyright and "fair use" provisions of copyright law, please refer to the Selected Tools listing. For additional assistance, please contact Diane Norton.