- Always assume that the intellectual property of others is covered by copyright and use the material accordingly. [Back]
- Neither copyright protections nor “fair use” provisions apply to works in the public domain. (NOTE: The Digitalslider, created by Michael Brewer and the American Library Association, is a handy tool to help you determine if a work is likely to be in the public domain.) [Back]
- Copyrighted works licensed by the Creative Commons or with non-exclusive copyright agreements may convey permission for use beyond the general limitations of copyright law. [Back]
- When what you want to do isn’t “fair use”, modify your use or ask permission for use from the copyright owner. [Back]
- Whenever possible, use copyrighted works owned by the College or Library. [ Back]
- Always include appropriate attribution and applicable copyright notices when using copyrighted material. [Back]
- Complete works are best made available in class or in the Library Reserve Collection. [Back]
- When copying portions of copyrighted work, “less is best.” The greater the amount copied, the less likely that fair use exemptions will apply. “Best practices” allow for the follow portions:
- Audiovisual content: Only the portion required to accomplish a specific educational goal, which may sometimes include small or short works in their entirety.
- Data sets: Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries.
- Graphics: A single cartoon, chart, diagram, drawing, graph or illustration.
- Music (sheet): No more than 10% of the whole work.
- Photographs: No more than 15 photographs or 10% of a collection, whichever is less.
- Poetry: A single poem of not more than 250 words or an excerpt of not more than 250 words.
- Prose: Whichever of the following options represents the least amount of content:
- A single chapter.
- A single essay or story of no more than 2,500 words.
- An excerpt of no more than 2,500 words.
- 10% of a single work.
- A single article in a journal issue.
(NOTE: When the work being copied is owned or licensed for use by the College or Library, copying a greater amount may be allowed. The amount will be determined in consideration of the all four “fair use” factors, and how the copied material relates to a given educational goal.) [Back]
- When made available online, copyrighted material must be protected by limiting access to the enrolled students of a specific course and prohibiting copying or distribution for non-educational purposes. [Back]
- Copyrighted material, in whole or in part, may not be retained in the Library Reserve Collection or remain accessible online over consecutive semesters. [Back]
- Public performance rights (PPR) are required to screen a film to more than the enrolled members of a class. [Back]
- The unauthorized (i.e., without payment of permission) distribution of copyrighted works over the Internet (i.e., via P2P file sharing ) is copyright infringement. [Back]
- Reproducing copyrighted work with the intent to create or replace anthologies or compilations, or to otherwise substitute for the purchase of works in their original formats, is copyright infringement. [Back]
- Converting copyrighted work from an original format to a preferred format to substitute for the purchase of the work in the preferred format, is copyright infringement. [Back]